For payers

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Broadcasting shall mean making the work (performance or fixation) broadcasted by radio and television available by means of a device technically capable of receiving the broadcasting.



The communication of a work (performance, fixation) to the public shall mean making the work (performance, fixation) available in an intangible form, live or from a recording, by wire or wireless means. Communication of the items of protection (works, performances and fixations) to the public may be aimed at individually unspecified persons or also persons individually specified and every use beyond the private use shall be considered as use under the Copyright Act, unless a special exception applies.



The use of a performance and a fixation pursuant to the Copyright Act shall not mean its use for personal need by a natural person without seeking to achieve direct or indirect economic or commercial advantage (private use), unless stipulated otherwise by the Copyright Act.
Private use shall mean use within privacy of a natural person (narrow circle of persons close to the user) and for purposes, that are neither directly nor indirectly commercial. For private use then it is allowed to make a fixation, reproduction or imitation (performance, fixation). Copyright is not infringed by anybody who uses a work, performance, fixation within the scope necessary for the demonstration or repair of a device to a customer.



Performance from fixation shall mean making the work (performance or fixation) available from a phonogram or audio visual fixation by means of a technical device.


Premises shall mean a space open to the customers or accessible only to the employees alone.



A definition of the term “public” is not stated in the Copyright Act, only the term “use for personal need (private use)” is introduced in Article 30 Paragraph 1 of the Copyright Act. A long term standpoint formed by the Institute of Copyright Law, Industrial Law and Competition Law of the Charles University Faculty of Law from March 27 2003 defines the term “public“ as follows: “The term public must be interpreted in accordance with a particular way of use – traditionally in the sense of individually unspecified circle of persons, but also persons individually specified. A distinction is being made between the use of items of protection for personal need (private use) and the public use, which always concerns the use that goes beyond the private use, that is beyond the personal privacy of a natural person.“


USE "On demand"

Is one of the ways of communicating the work to the public, which is defined as making the work available to the public in such a manner, that whoever may access it from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, especially by using a computer network or similar network. User, who makes the items of protection available via Internet, is obliged to acquire authorisation to communication to the public in accordance with Article 18 Paragraph 2 of the Copyright Act and also to reproduction according to Article 13 of the Copyright Act.


User is a natural person or a legal entity who in its activities makes available to the public works, performances or fixations; for instance production organiser.